Cardozo Gizzi et al. Nat Protoc. 2020
Simultaneous observation of 3D chromatin organization and transcription at the single-cell level and with high spatial resolution may hold the key to unveiling the mechanisms regulating embryonic development, cell differentiation and even disease. We recently developed Hi-M, a technology that enables the sequential labeling, 3D imaging and localization of multiple genomic DNA loci, together with RNA expression, in single cells within whole, intact Drosophila embryos. Importantly, Hi-M enables simultaneous detection of RNA expression and chromosome organization without requiring sample unmounting and primary probe rehybridization. Here, we provide a step-by-step protocol describing the design of probes, the preparation of samples, the stable immobilization of embryos in microfluidic chambers, and the complete procedure for image acquisition. The combined RNA/DNA fluorescence in situ hybridization procedure takes 4–5 d, including embryo collection. In addition, we describe image analysis software to segment nuclei, detect genomic spots, correct for drift and produce Hi-M matrices. A typical Hi-M experiment takes 1–2 d to complete all rounds of labeling and imaging and 4 additional days for image analysis. This technology can be easily expanded to investigate cell differentiation in cultured cells or organization of chromatin within complex tissues.
Authors: Cardozo Gizzi AM, Espinola SM, Gurgo J, Houbron C, JB plug, DI Cats, Nollmann M.
Article: Direct and simultaneous observation of transcription and chromosome architecture in single cells with Hi-M. Cardozo Gizzi AM, Espinola SM, Gurgo J, Houbron C, JB plug, DI Cats, Nollmann M. Nat Protoc. 2020 Jan 22. doi: 10.1038/s41596-019-0269-9