Moyano. et al. Burns. 2019
The risk of infection of skin and soft tissue chronic wounds by gram-negative and gram-positive pathogens growing in biofilms is a major health-care concern. In this study we test a formulation of silver sulfadiazine, vitamin A and lidocaine (AF-SSD) for aerosol administration against biofilms of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and biofilms of methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive (MSSA) strains of Staphylococcus aureus. The aerosol allows the administration of AF-SSD without the direct contact with the wound and avoids contamination of the product after reiterative usage. We evaluated in vitro the anti-biofilm activity of AF-SSD by carrying out different technical approaches such as resazurin assays to measure metabolic activity/viability, crystal violet staining assays to determine biofilm biomass, counting of CFUs and live/dead staining for confocal microscopy analysis. AF-SSD clearly affected biofilm viability, biomass and structure, in the three bacterial strains tested. AF-SSD displayed a strong anti-biofilm effect, showing total bactericidal activity on biofilms of P. aeruginosa at a 400-fold dilution of the product, and after a 100-fold and 10-fold dilution for MRSA and MSSA, respectively. Considering the benefits of aerosol administration, our results support this kind of formulation as a potential improvement over conventional treatments with silver sulfadiazine.
Authors: AJ Moyano, but CR, Colque CA, Smania AM.
Article: Dealing with biofilms of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus: In vitro evaluation of a novel aerosol formulation of silver sulfadiazine. AJ Moyano, but CR, Colque CA, Smania AM. Burns. 2019 Aug 14. pii: S0305-4179(19)30266-9. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2019.07.027