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Core 1 O-GalNAc glycosylation in the human cell nucleus.

Cejas et al. Biol Chem. 2019

Glycosylation is a very frequent post-translational modification in proteins, and the initiation of O-GalNAc glycosylation has been recently described on relevant nuclear proteins. Here we evaluated the nuclear incorporation of a second sugar residue in the biosynthesis pathway of O-GalNAc glycans to yield the terminal core 1 glycan (C1G, Galβ3GalNAcαSer/Thr). Using confocal microscopy, enzymatic assay, affinity chromatography and mass spectrometry, we analyzed intact cells, purified nuclei and soluble nucleoplasms to identify the essential factors for C1G biosynthesis in the cell nucleus. The enzyme C1GalT1 responsible for C1G synthesis was detected inside the nucleus, while catalytic activity of C1Gal-transferase was present in nucleoplasm and purified nuclei. In addition, C1G were detected in the nucleus inside of intact cells, and nuclear proteins exposing C1G were also identified. These evidences represent the first demonstration of core 1 O-GalNAc glycosylation of proteins in the human cell nucleus. These findings reveal a novel post-translational modification on nuclear proteins, with relevant repercussion in epigenetic and chemical biology areas.

 

Autores: Cejas RB, Garaya YC, Fuente S, Lardone RD, Irazoqui FJ.

 

Artículo: Core 1 O-GalNAc glycosylation in the human cell nucleus. Cejas RB, Garaya YC, Fuente S, Lardone RD, Irazoqui F.J. Biol Chem. 2019 Dec 1. pii: /j/bchm.just-accepted/hsz-2019-0448/hsz-2019-0448.xml. doi: 10.1515/hsz-2019-0448.