Oksdath M et al. 2016, Mol Neurobiol (2016).
Three early signals of asymmetry have been described to occur in a single neurite of neurons at stage 2 of differentiation (before polarization) and shown to be essential for neuronal polarization: (i) accumulation of stable microtubules, (ii) enrichment of the plasma membrane with activatable IGF-1r, and (iii) polarized transport of the microtubular motor KIF5C. Here, we studied the possible relationship between these three phenomena. Our results show that the activatable (membrane-inserted) IGF-1r and stablemicrotubules accumulate in the same neurite of cells at stage 2. The polarized insertion of IGF-1r depends on microtubule dynamics as shown using drugs which modify microtubule stability. Silencing of KIF5C expression prevents the polarized insertion of IGF-1r into the neuronal plasmalemma and neuronal polarization. Syntaxin 6 and VAMP4, necessary for the polarized insertion of the IGF-1r, are associated to vesicles carried by the microtubular motor KIF5C and is transported preferentially to the neurite where KIF5Caccumulates. We conclude that the enrichment of stable microtubules in the future axon enhances KIF5C-mediated vesicular transport of syntaxin 6 and VAMP4, which in turn mediates the polarized insertion of IGF-1r in the plasmalemma, a key step for neuronalpolarization. We herewith establish a mechanistic link between three early polarity events necessary for the establishment of neuronalpolarity.
Authors: Oksdath M, Guil AF, Grassi D, Sosas LJ, Quiroga S.