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Diazepam treatment reduces inflammatory cells and mediators in the central nervous system of rats with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

Fernández Hurst et al. J Neuroimmunol. 2017

Benzodiazepines are psychoactive drugs and some of them also affect immune cells. We here characterized the inflammatory and infiltrating immune cells in the central nervous system (CNS) during the acute phase of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in animals treated with Diazepam. Also, we evaluated the expression of Translocator Protein (18 kDa) (TSPO), which is a biomarker of neuroinflammatory diseases. The results indicate that Diazepam exerts protective effects on EAE development, decreasing the incidence of the disease and reducing the number of inflammatory cells in CNS, with a concomitant decrease of TSPO levels in brain tissue and CNS inflammatory CD11b+ cells.

Autores: Nicolás Fernández Hurst, Samanta R. Zanetti, Natalia S. Báez, Mario J. Bibolini, Cecilia Bouzat, German A. Roth

Artículo: Nicolás Fernández Hurst, Samanta R. Zanetti, Natalia S. Báez, Mario J. Bibolini, Cecilia Bouzat, German A. Roth. J Neuroimmunol. 2017 Dec 15;313:145-151. doi: 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2017.09.012